By James I. ; United States. ; Mid-America Economics Institute. Illinois Office of Consumer Services. Sturgeon
This consultant bargains basically with the economics of electrical utilities, even though yes criminal and organizational facets of utilities are mentioned. all the seven chapters addresses a specific aspect of public-utility ratemaking. bankruptcy One encompasses a dialogue of the evolution of the public-utility notion, in addition to the felony and monetary justification for public utilities. the second one bankruptcy units forth an analytical monetary version which gives the foundation for the following 4 chapters. those chapters include a close exam of overall working bills, the speed base, the speed of go back, and the speed constitution. the ultimate bankruptcy discusses a couple of present matters concerning electrical utilities, normally components relating to fuel-adjustment expenditures, advertisements, taxes, development paintings in growth, and lifeline premiums. a number of the examples utilized in the consultant are from specific states, similar to Illinois and California. those examples are used to demonstrate particular issues. shoppers in different states can generalize them to their states and never switch the that means or value of the points. �Read more...
summary: This consultant bargains basically with the economics of electrical utilities, even though convinced criminal and organizational elements of utilities are mentioned. all the seven chapters addresses a specific side of public-utility ratemaking. bankruptcy One includes a dialogue of the evolution of the public-utility thought, in addition to the criminal and fiscal justification for public utilities. the second one bankruptcy units forth an analytical financial version which supplies the root for the subsequent 4 chapters. those chapters include a close exam of overall working bills, the speed base, the speed of go back, and the speed constitution. the ultimate bankruptcy discusses a couple of present concerns concerning electrical utilities, customarily elements with regards to fuel-adjustment expenditures, ads, taxes, development paintings in development, and lifeline charges. a few of the examples utilized in the advisor are from specific states, corresponding to Illinois and California. those examples are used to demonstrate particular issues. shoppers in different states can generalize them to their states and never switch the that means or importance of the issues
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Additional resources for A consumer's guide to the economics of electric utility ratemaking
First, the industry may have experienced growt\ to a point which has exhausted all of the economies of scale. 1y has ~\ ~. moved to the increasing portion of the cost curve. -45- This is illustrated in FIGURE 3-A. plant size 1, then to In this case the firm has moved from plant size 2. In both cases cost I decreased. But when demand continued to increase a larger plant, plant size 3, had to be built and cost per unit increased. "- If this argument is correct, it means that greater efficiency would occur if the industry had more firms operating with plant size 2.
When there is only one producer of a product that producer, if unchecked, can charge whatever the "traffic wi 11 bear. II is, it can extract a monopoly price for its product. That Sometimes monopolies are created by enterprising businessmen who are able to drive out all the other competitors. Other times there is only room in a market for one producer. When this latter case occurs, we have what economists call a natural monopoly. Economists use the term natural monopoly instead of the term monopoly when referring to public utilities.
For example, in the 19th century public lands were given to railroads in order to insure settlement of open country. Presently cash payments are made to buil ders of merchant ships in order to keep the shipyards busy. Acceptance of subsidies is voluntary on the part of the business and compliance is bought by the government government\~ \~ rather than commanded. The government has regulated business by insisting upon spec i fi c provi sions s ions in agreements between it and pr i vate fi rms. If a fi rm wishes to perform a project under government contract required certainn terms which it may be req ui red to agree to certai wh i ch are not part of ordinary contracts.