By Gabrielle J Persley, L R MacIntyre
Following on from prior titles during this sequence, this quantity offers extra fabric generated by way of the area Bank/ISNAR/Australian govt biotechnology learn. It covers the current prestige and destiny customers for the appliance of biotechnology to resolve agricultural and environmental difficulties in a couple of constructing international locations. specific concentration is given directly to advancements that experience taken position during the last decade.
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Extra info for Agricultural biotechnology : country case studies : a decade of development
This discipline also covers matter and energy flows between the different compartments of a plot, ranging from the bedrock to the atmosphere and to the climate through plant and animal populations (plantation, grassland, annual crop, agroforestry, natural cover). Even more integrative scientific approaches have been developed: • Agroecology was born in the 1990s from the convergence of agronomy and scientific ecology. It is considered an approach that combines agricultural development, participatory methods and protection or regeneration of the natural environment.
An increase in global agricultural production remains, despite everything, an imperative necessity. This goal has to be pursued agressively but only through an optimum use of current resources. Mankind will also need to limit waste and adopt lifestyles that consume less material and less energy. How can humanity preserve, adapt and mobilize all the know-how, technologies, cultures and lifestyles to transform agriculture in order to make this increase possible, while still limiting the impacts on ecosystems to acceptable levels?
Two agroecosystem compartments are particularly vulnerable to the effects of intensive agriculture: (i) the soil and (ii) the habitats of auxiliary species of crops. It is this biodiversity—whose importance we are only now realizing—which is emphasized in the concept of agrobiodiversity. Because it is poorly understood and because we have an incomplete grasp of its functioning, it is particularly difficult to estimate its erosion. Soil biodiversity reflects the variability among living organisms.