By Roger B. Manning
This booklet explores the ways that the various army stories at domestic and overseas of the British and Irish humans throughout the 17th century brought smooth army concept and perform into the 3 Kingdoms of the British Isles and formed the embryonic British military that emerged through the reign of the soldier-king William III.
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Additional info for An Apprenticeship in Arms: The Origins of the British Army 1585-1702
This situation was ³⁷ Quinn, Elizabethans and the Irish, 15–16, 39; Canny, Elizabethan Conquest, 21–2; Spenser, State of Ireland, 6; Manning, Swordsmen, 167, 171–2. ³⁸ The Old English of the Pale³⁹ and other Anglo-Norman settlements along the coast of Munster should have been natural political supporters of the Elizabethan Irish government, since they regarded themselves as being English in culture. Although they had at ﬁrst supported Sir Robert Sidney as lord deputy, the Old English turned against Sidney because he wished to establish a permanent standing army in Ireland to take the place of the ‘hosting’ or muster of their own retainers.
Spenser asserted that Irish military traditions were conﬁned to internecine tribal warfare. He thought the Irish were so primitive and barbaric in their methods of warfare that they must have been descended from the Scythians. ²⁴ J. F. Lydon, ‘The Scottish Soldier in Medieval Ireland: The Bruce Invasion and the Gallowglass’, G. G. ), The Scottish Soldier Abroad, 1247–1967 (1992), 1–8, 12; O’Domhnaill, ‘Warfare in Sixteenth-Century Ireland’, 37; C. Falls, Elizabeth’s Irish Wars (1970), 76–9; A. McKerral, ‘West Highland Mercenaries in Ireland’, SHR 30 (1951), 1–13.
In order to avoid sieges, Tyrone abandoned his own castles, but he made one exception to this rule when, in 1594, he ordered his lieutenants to attack Enniskillen Castle, which controlled communications between Ulster and Connaught. Although he still remained in the background at this date, O’Neill wished to coordinate the resistance in Ulster with that in other parts of Ireland. ⁴⁵ Moreover, like all of the so-called English conquests of Ireland in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, Tyrone’s Rebellion was also a civil war between different factions of Irish lords, some of whom, like the bonaghts, allied themselves with the New English ofﬁcials and adventurers.