Download Anglesey: The Concise History (University of Wales Press - by David A. Pretty PDF

By David A. Pretty

This quantity lines the island's wealthy historical past because the final stronghold of the druids, via its strategic importance through the Edwardian conquest in medieval occasions, Telford's significant success in development the Menai Suspension Bridge, to the cultural and linguistic demanding situations of the past due 20th century. the concept that of ‘love of one’s sector’ has regularly had a unique resonance for the folks of Wales. It has encouraged poets, writers and historians during the centuries and it has enriched our appreciation and realizing of the vibrant variety of our neighborhood and nearby tradition and background. the writer has an intimate wisdom of the zone and has the facility to interpret and converse that wisdom in a full of life and concise kind to scholars, students and travelers alike.

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Extra info for Anglesey: The Concise History (University of Wales Press - Histories of Wales)

Sample text

The old Celtic clasau at Caergybi and Penmon had survived the Viking onslaught. Penmon was rebuilt between 1120 and 1170. Over the centuries various rulers had given grants of land; on his deathbed Gruffydd ap Cynan directed that money be paid to both foundations. Yet, the native monastic tradition was on the wane. A European revival inspired by religious orders such as the Augustinians, Cistercians and Franciscans brought much needed reform to monastic life. The clas at Caergybi was redesignated as a collegiate church.

The result was a more productive arable and pastoral economy. Communications with the mainland improved when organized ferries came to provide regular access. Under the control of the princes, ferries operated from Llan-faes, Porthaethwy and Abermenai. In addition, the bishop of Bangor owned the Porth yr Esgob ferry, with its terminal at Cadnant. Profound change accompanied the transition to a cash economy during the thirteenth century. To meet the growing financial requirements of the princes, the customary dues of the freemen were being commuted into money payments.

Gerald of Wales, who made a brief stop at Porthaethwy during his famous tour of the country in 1188, put the number of townships at precisely 363 (the true figure was little more than 200). Each township then consisted of family holdings, inhabited by two different social classes: the bondmen and freemen. Tenants on royal land were obliged to render food dues as well as provide labour service. Those at Tre Feibion Meurig in Llifon maintained the hall and chamber of the court at Aberffraw; others operated the princes’ mills, that were particularly numerous in Anglesey.

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