Download Theoretical Fundamentals of Atmospheric Optics by Yu. M. Timofeev, A. V. Vasil'ev PDF

By Yu. M. Timofeev, A. V. Vasil'ev

The authors of this e-book current the theoretical basics of atmospheric optics as a technological know-how of the propagation, transformation and iteration within the surroundings of electromagnetic radiation from the ultraviolet to microwave variety of the spectrum. the most features of the planets of the sunlight process and atmospheres are defined. particular awareness is given to the equation of move of radiation in several spectrum levels; the absorption of radiation by means of atmospheric gases and aerosol, molecular, aerosol and sorts of non-resonant scattering; atmospheric diffraction; mirrored image of radiation from the outside; and glow of the ambience. They current the strategy of calculating radiation for the sun and thermal levels of the spectrum. The monograph could be of curiosity to specialists operating within the parts of the physics and optics of the ambience and in addition appropriate for college kids and postgraduates learning the physics of surroundings, meteorology, actual ecology and tracking of our surroundings.

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We shall follow this tradition and examine the properties of ‘non-water’ aerosols and particles of clouds and precipitation in different sections. Classification of atmospheric aerosols Depending on its composition or sources, the atmospheric aerosol is subdivided into the following types [23, 26]: 1. the aerosol of natural origin: a. products of evaporation of sea splashes – salt particles; b. mineral dust lifted into the atmosphere by the wind; c. volcanic aerosol, both directly ejected into the atmosphere (ash) and formed as a result of gas phase reactions (sulphuric acid particles); d.

4. Solar radiation spectrum in comparison with the radiation of the black body at T = 5785 K. UV, Visible, IR, MW – ultraviolet, visible, infrared, microwave radiation of the Sun, λ is the wavelength, cm [91]. incoming solar energy per unit term on unit area normal to the rays at the mean distance between the Earth and the Sun. 2, we use the more accurate term ‘the integral solar constant S 0 ’: ∞ S0 = ∫ S0 ( λ )d λ . 1) 0 Solar radiation is the main source of heating the atmosphere and the underlying surface.

The aerosol particles play a significant role in the transfer of solar and thermal radiation, affecting the radiation regime of the atmosphere–Earth’s surface system, and consequently, the weather and climate on the Earth. Aerosols play an especially important role in the absorption and scattering of solar radiation. The contribution to these processes is very large, and the optics and energetics of the atmosphere cannot be examined without considering the optical properties of atmospheric aerosols [2, 20, 24, 26, 33].

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